History of Vatican City
Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, but it has a rich and fascinating history. Vatican City was established as an independent state in 1929, but its roots go back much further. The area that is now Vatican City has been home to some of the most important religious and political figures in Western history.
The first recorded use of the name “Vatican” dates back to the 6th century when Roman Emperor Constantine had a large complex built on the site of an earlier shrine to Apollo. This complex included a basilica, which was consecrated in 324 AD and became known as Old St. Peter’s Basilica. In the 4th century, Emperor Constantine also built a new palace for himself on the Vatican Hill, which became known as the Vatican Palace.
For centuries, the Vatican was simply a hilltop fortress overlooking Rome. It wasn’t until the reign of Pope Leo IV (847-855) that the first walls were built around Vatican Hill. These walls were expanded over the centuries, as Popes added new buildings and fortifications. By the 16th century, the Vatican complex was one of the largest fortified complexes in Europe.
Vatican City is located within Rome.
Vatican City is definitely a country within a city! This micro state is located on the west bank of the Tiber River and is completely surrounded by Rome.
There are only three enclave countries in the world, the other two are San Marino, which is also surrounded by Italy, and Lesotho, a country independent of the Vatican, in South Africa.
Vatican City has its own government, currency, postal system, Swiss Guard, and even an army! The Pope is the head of state and he governs the city through the Curia, which is a group of Cardinals.
Although Vatican City is tiny, it’s still packed with things to see and do. You can explore the Vatican Museums, which house some of the world’s most famous art or take a tour of St. Peter’s Basilica, the largest church in the world. Or you can simply enjoy the beautiful gardens and architecture that abound in this unique country.
What to see and do in Vatican City
Vatican City is one of the most unique places in the world. It is its own country, located within the city of Rome. Vatican City is home to some of the most beautiful architecture and art in the world. It is also the seat of the Catholic Church, making it a very holy place for many people.
There are plenty of things to see and do in Vatican City. A must-see is St. Peter’s Basilica, one of the largest churches in the world. The Vatican Museums are also a must-see, as they contain some of the most famous art in the world, including the Sistine Chapel.
If you’re looking to do something a little more active, you can take a tour of the Vatican Gardens. This is a great way to see some of the beauty of Vatican City while getting some exercise.
No matter what you decide to do while in Vatican City, you’re sure to have a memorable experience.
If you have never had the chance to visit Vatican City, it is definitely worth putting on your list of places to see. The art and history contained within its walls are truly awe-inspiring, and no matter what your religious beliefs may be, there is something for everyone to appreciate in this unique city-state. So go ahead and add Vatican City to your travel bucket list – you won’t regret it!